The new funds were designated for physics research, and ultimately led to the establishment of the Norman Bridge Laboratory, which attracted experimental physicist Robert Andrews Millikan from the University of Chicago in 1917.
Under the leadership of Hale, Noyes, and Millikan (aided by the booming economy of Southern California), Caltech grew to national prominence in the 1920s and concentrated on the development of Roosevelt's "Hundredth Man".
Millikan served as "Chairman of the Executive Council" (effectively Caltech's president) from 1921 to 1945, and his influence was such that the Institute was occasionally referred to as "Millikan's School." Millikan initiated a visiting-scholars program soon after joining Caltech.
Scientists who accepted his invitation include luminaries such as Paul Dirac, Erwin Schrödinger, Werner Heisenberg, Hendrik Lorentz and Niels Bohr.
As of March 2018, Caltech alumni, faculty and researchers include 72 Nobel Laureates (Linus Pauling being the only individual in history to win two unshared prizes), 4 Fields Medalist, and 6 Turing Award winners.
In addition, there are 53 non-emeritus faculty members (as well as many emeritus faculty members) who have been elected to one of the United States National Academies, 4 Chief Scientists of the U. Air Force and 71 have won the United States National Medal of Science or Technology.is a private doctorate-granting university located in Pasadena, California, United States.Known for its strength in science and engineering, it is often ranked as one of the world's top-ten universities.The board of trustees offered to turn Throop over to the state, but the presidents of Stanford University and the University of California successfully lobbied to defeat the bill, which allowed Throop to develop as the only scientific research-oriented education institute in southern California, public or private, until the onset of the World War II necessitated the broader development of research-based science education.The promise of Throop attracted physical chemist Arthur Amos Noyes from MIT to develop the institution and assist in establishing it as a center for science and technology.President Scherer, hearing of the formation of the council, immediately offered to take part in its work, and with this object, he secured within three days an additional research endowment of one hundred thousand dollars.Through the National Research Council, Hale simultaneously lobbied for science to play a larger role in national affairs, and for Throop to play a national role in science.He joined Throop's board of trustees in 1907, and soon began developing it and the whole of Pasadena into a major scientific and cultural destination. Scherer persuaded retired businessman and trustee Charles W.Gates to donate ,000 in seed money to build Gates Laboratory, the first science building on campus. Arthur Fleming donated the land for the permanent campus site.Caltech started as a vocational school founded in Pasadena in 1891 by local businessman and politician Amos G. The school was known successively as Throop University, Throop Polytechnic Institute (and Manual Training School) The vocational school was disbanded and the preparatory program was split off to form an independent Polytechnic School in 1907.At a time when scientific research in the United States was still in its infancy, George Ellery Hale, a solar astronomer from the University of Chicago, founded the Mount Wilson Observatory in 1904. Scherer, a literary scholar untutored in science but a capable administrator and fund raiser, to Throop's presidency in 1908.