According to the Victorian Aboriginal Child Care Agency (VACCA) the concept of cultural safety: [I]s used in the context of promoting mainstream environments which are culturally competent. taking strength in your culture through adversities’. ‘I think it’s being comfortable with yourself and being able to tell people that you’re proud to be of that culture and not feeling that you’re being discriminated against’. ‘To find and then be looked in the eyes by my Elders and be told, ‘You belong here’’. ‘Me giving myself permission to be an Aboriginal person. Cultural Security is proposed to effect change in all elements of the health system workforce development, workforce reform, purchasing of health services, monitoring and accountability, and public engagement.
Cultural safety encapsulates the relationships that we need to foster in our communities, as well as the need for cultural renewal and revitalisation. Security: ‘I am going to write a note to Johnny’s family and ask the Aboriginal Health Worker (AHW) to deliver and explain it.
The creation of cultural safety in our communities will be the focus of the case studies in the next part of this Chapter. I will check with the AHW if any issues were raised when explaining the procedure to the family and if transport is sorted out.
And governments and other third parties need to ensure that our group cohesion does not become collateral damage when they engage with our communities. Farrelly and Lumby note how this model extends cultural competency well beyond simple cultural awareness into behavioural, attitudinal and structural change: Cultural Security is built from the acknowledgement that theoretical ‘awareness’ of culturally appropriate service provision is not enough.
The concept of cultural safety is drawn from the work of Maori nurses in New Zealand and can be defined as: [A]n environment that is safe for people: where there is no assault, challenge or denial of their identity, of who they are and what they need. ‘If it’s free from politics it would be safe but it’s just going to get sucked into the same politics... It shifts the emphasis from attitudes to behaviour, focusing directly on practice, skills and efficacy.
These case studies provide us with practical strategies, but just as importantly, they also remind us that our communities, with the right support, have the ability to solve their own problems. Coffin uses a practical example of the management of an 8 year old Aboriginal boy by a speech pathologist to define these three levels: Awareness: ‘I know that most Aboriginal people have very extended families.’ Although the speech pathologist demonstrates a basic understanding of a relevant Cultural issue, it does not lead into action.
This gives me hope that we can begin to address the problems of lateral violence. There is no common or accepted practice and what actions are taken depends upon the individual and their knowledge of Aboriginal culture and cultural security.
Parents of children with autism play a crucial role in determining the ultimate outcome for their child.
Success comes when parents make a huge commitment to learning their child’s unique strengths and weakness, become their child’s biggest advocates, and wholeheartedly embrace a comprehensive approach to improving their child’s developmental skills.
Late talking in and of itself usually does mean autism. Sensory – the way a child takes in and processes information through his senses of sight, touch, hearing, smell, taste, and movement.
Autism spectrum disorder is a complex disorder that lasts throughout a person’s life. Autism is a “spectrum disorder,” which means that all children with autism do not share exactly the same difficulties. Below is list of the other concerns noted during daily routines in young children with autism spectrum disorder.