Typically, violence is considered a phenomenon that occurs in adult relationships.
Fosbee, Linder, Bauman, Langwick, Airiaga, and Heath (1996) in a study of (N=1,405) rural, primarily Causasian, adolescents and Molidor, Tolman, and Kober (2000) in a population based survey of Midwestern adolescents (N=15,000) found no significant difference in teen dating violence victimization by gender; however, girls between the ages of 12 and 19 years reported more severe physical violence than boys.
Girls were more likely to disclose perpetrating physical dating violence (27.8%) than boys (15%), however, more girls (14.9%) reported perpetration of violence in self-defense as compared to boys (5.4%).
Hickman, Jaycox, and Aronoff (2004) state that about 16% of girls ages 12 to 19 years murdered annually are killed by an intimate partner compared to only about 1% of same aged boys.
Gender does not protect from being a victim or a perpetrator of physical dating violence.
O’Leary, Step, Avery-Leaf, and Cascardi (2008), utilizing a sample of over 2000 (N=2363) high school students, reported on the prevalence of dating aggression and victimization for both males and females.
All health classes from seven large public high schools in Suffolk County, New York participated.
Nearly 500 (N=476) adolescents in an ethnically and economically diverse urban population were surveyed.
Current or past physical dating violence was reported by 45.5% of participating girls and boys.
Dating violence is the perpetration of or threat of an act of violence by at least one member of an unmarried couple on the other member within the context of dating or courtship (Glass et al, 2003).
Dating violence occurs in both same sex and opposite sex relationships.